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外贸出口英语-想成为外贸创业中国合伙人吗?那得先了解合伙人如何持股如何分红的

时间:2018.08.27澳门皇冠手机免费网址:功夫外贸

很多朋友想象中国合伙人一样成立合伙投资的外贸企业共同创业。

但是在投资之前,需要对如何投资,如果分红这些资本运作的基本概念有一个了解。

下面以一个贾亚尔摩托企业的资本运作为例,为大家先容一下最基本的概念:

The total equity capital of Jayal Motors is 600,000 Euros in the form of ordinary shares and debentures.

贾亚尔摩托的股本总额为60万欧元,以普通股和债券的形式。

Debentures are a safe form of investment as  they are really a form of loan. If the company goes bankrupt, the debenture-holders are paid back before any other creditors.

债券是一种安全的投资形式,因为它们是一种贷款形式。 如果企业破产,债权人将在任何其他债权人之前得到偿还。

Debenture-holders receive a fixed rate of interest each year (here 10%). The bank owns all the debentures in Jayal Motors,

债券持有人每年获得固定利率(这里为10%)。 该银行拥有贾亚尔摩托的所有债券,

(Jayal Motors have also borrowed 200,000 Euros from the bank, They must pay 15% interest on this loan to the bank each year.)

(贾亚尔摩托也从银行借款了20万欧元,他们每年必须向银行支付15%的利息。)

Jayal Motors ordinary shares are owned by Tom. Paul, Tara, and Jack.

贾亚尔摩托普通股由汤姆, 保罗,塔拉和杰克持有。

Any profit the company makes is divided between the shareholders in the form of a dividend after all the interest has been paid on loans and debentures,

企业所赚取的任何利润在所有贷款和债券的利息已经支付之后,以股利的形式在股东之间分配,

Before the dividend is paid. Jayal Motor also subtract 5,000 Euros, which they put back into the business each year (this money is called "retained  profits")

在股息支付之前。 贾亚尔摩托也减去了5000 欧元,他们每年都再投入业务(这笔钱称为“留存利润”)

The company's estimated income for the next two years is:

该企业未来两年的预计收入为:

First year: 45,000 Euros.

第一年:45,000 欧元

Second year:55,000 欧元.

第二年:55,000 Euros。

How will this money be distributed with the company's present financial structure? the figures for year one are already filled in on the this table, fill in the figures for year two.

这笔资金将如何与企业目前的财务结构一起分配? 第一年的数字已填入本表,请你自己计算并填写第二年的数字。


Carl and Eve are contributing 200,000 Euros to Jayal Motors in the from of ordinary shares, Because of this, Jayal Motors can pay back the 200,000 Euros loan to the bank.

卡尔和夏娃向贾亚尔摩托提供的普通股为20万欧元,因此,贾亚尔摩托可以向银行支付20万欧元的贷款。

Draw up a table like the above to show how the estiamted income for the next two year will be distributed under the company's new captial stucture.

制定一个表格,如上所述,显示未来两年的收入将如何分配到企业的新资本。


   
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